Type 2 diabetes: Do your gums look like this? It could mean high blood sugar levels

Type 2 diabetes: Do your gums look like this? It could mean high blood sugar levels


Type 2 diabetes, like many other health conditions, can be life-threatening if neglected and not managed properly. The threat comes in the form of high blood sugar levels, a type of sugar a person absorbs into their bloodstream by eating food. When the body has blood sugar levels which are too high, a myriad of health problems can ensue and is a way the body warns that something is not right. Noticing your gums looking this, could mean you’re at risk.


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Many people who develop type 2 diabetes have no idea they are at risk until a blood test shows abnormal blood sugar levels.

Dr Ronald Tamler, director of the Mount Sinai Clinical Diabetes Institute said: “For the most part, diabetes is silent and insidious.

Most of the time people have no symptoms early on.”

If your gums look like this, however it could be an indicator your blood sugar levels are dangerously high and may be at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Periodontitis is also known as gum disease and may be an early sign of type 2 diabetes, according to new research published in the journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

The study found that people with gum disease, especially those with severe cases, had higher rates of diabetes and pre-diabetes than those without.

The connection between gum disease and diabetes isn’t new, says Dr Tamler, and it appears to go both ways.

Having either condition seems to increase the risk of developing the other.

“Inflammation caused by gum disease eggs on the same factors that are responsible for high blood sugar that cause diabetes,” he added.

What is periodontitis?

The Mayo Clinic said: “Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue.

“Without treatment, it can destroy the bone that supports your teeth.

“Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss.

“Periodontitis is common but largely preventable.”


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Why would the gums be infected due to high blood sugar levels?

Diabetes.co.uk said on their website: “People with diabetes have an increased risk of developing gum disease.

“Poorly managed blood sugar levels can cause damage to nerves, blood vessels, the heart, the kidneys, the eyes and the feet.

“In the same way, the gums can too be affected.

“Because high blood sugar levels lead to damage to blood vessels, this reduces the supply of oxygen and nourishment to the gums, making infections of the gums and bones more likely.”

Mild cases of gum disease can usually be treated by maintaining a good level of oral hygiene.

This includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing regularly.

You should also make sure you go for regular dental check-ups.

In most cases, a dentist will be able to give your teeth a thorough clean and remove any hardened plaque.

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